space planning software Under the theoretical framework of the theory, the theory of commodity market equilibrium and the monetary market equilibrium of Keynesian theory are unified. Marx's theory of interest rate decisions from the perspective of the source and essence of interest, taking into account the institutional factors in the role of interest rate decisions of interest theory, its theoretical core is the interest rate is determined by the average profit margin. Marx believed that under capitalism, interest is a part of profit and a form of conversion of surplus value. In the face of market failure, coase has given the opposite answer: external-utility problems can be solved by explicitly using the market, without government intervention. And zhang wuchang is more absolute, he said that there is no so-called external utility, there is only unclear property rights. Anyway, coase brought revolutionary innovation to market concepts. He made it clear that the key to the market was not the "price mechanism" of impersonal machinery, but the power of participants in economic activity. When IHS Markit produced a euro-area purchasing managers index of 58, more than most economists had forecast, it was at its highest level since February 2011. Any score above 50 indicates growth. breakthrough, but said, the final agreement was established to minimize the trade barriers, and to provide enough time to implement change.